By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. ", "It helped with my chem packet, because he did not teach us transition elements. Before you start this video, it is helpful to know how to name an ionic compound based on its chemical formula. In this lesson, you will learn how to start with the name of the ionic compound and turn it in to a chemical formula. In chemistry, there are rules we must follow in naming ionic compounds. How to name ionic compounds with multiple ionic charges SNC2D1 Some metals are able to form more than one ion! The oxide ion has a valency of 2-, so for this compound to be neutral, the iron atom must have a charge of 2+. The name of the compound is therefore iron(II) oxide. References. The anion is the negatively charged particle in the compound. Suppose that you want to name the compound that results from the reaction of lithium and sulfur. This naming principle applies to other anions as well. Tags: Question 7 . Ionic compounds are a type of chemical compound made up of metal cations (positive ions) and non-metal anions (negative ions). 30 seconds . Suppose that you want to name the compound that results from the reaction of lithium and sulfur. Chris Deziel holds a Bachelor's degree in physics and a Master's degree in Humanities, He has taught science, math and English at the university level, both in his native Canada and in Japan. Bess Ruff is a Geography PhD student at Florida State University. Naming Ionic Compounds Containing Transition Metals If an ionic compound contains a transition metal, use Roman numerals to denote which ion it is. Q. By using our site, you agree to our. Elements in the first two groups of the periodic table always form ions with a specific charge, so there's no need to qualify them further. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. It gets more complicated if you have polyatomic ions, since the charge determination involves some calculation. :)", Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, https://medium.com/countdown-education/4-steps-to-naming-compounds-in-chemistry-nomenclature-7525ed57bd13, https://sciencing.com/how-to-name-ionic-compounds-13712152.html, https://www.dummies.com/education/science/chemistry/how-ionic-compounds-are-named/, http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-ionic-compounds-are-named.html, http://www.essentialchemicalindustry.org/chemicals/sulfuric-acid.html, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. How did you work out that SO4 was sulfate? Next, write the name of the nonmetal, or the anion. You can find metals on the left and central sections of the periodic table (e.g., Barium, Radium, and Lead), while you can find non-metals on the right side of the table. Video: How to Name Ionic Compounds with Transition Metals. What would be the scientific name for Ca(NO3)2? Sulfite is sulfur dioxide, or SO2. Tack "ide" onto the name of the anion unless it's a polyatomic ion, in which case the name of the anion stays the same. Ternary compounds are composed of three or more elements. answer choices . When naming ionic compounds, the name of the cation always comes first. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Write down the formula of the ionic compound. When identifying the compound, the name of the cation always goes first. Finally, combine the two ions to form an electrically neutral compound. ex) CuO ---> copper (II) oxide. Ferrous (i.e. This means that you don't have to use Roman numerals or the older naming method in describing those elements. If you try that with Group 5,6,7 elements, you will find the pattern (-3, -2, -1) for their charges. Second, look at the subscript of each element to determine which prefix to use. Ionic compounds contain a metal and a nonmetal. Compounds that form in this way are called ionic compounds. This tells me that there are 7 valence electrons in Cl & that it only needs 1 more electron to have a full valence shell, and therefore a charge of (-1). Consult the periodic table of elements. Ionic compounds consist of cations (positive ions) and anions (negative ions). A step-by-step video explanation. article did a great job in creating this with simple, but very understandable, steps. You can use this information to calculate the metal’s charge. This article was co-authored by Bess Ruff, MA. Watch on YouTube. If you want to know how to name ionic compounds in a variety of situations, just follow these steps. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. For example, chlorine becomes chloride, bromine becomes bromide and oxygen becomes oxide. I am confused about compounds like iron (2,3) oxide - things with both charges. Name the metal (the first element) as it appears on the Periodic Table. ! Anions typically belong to groups 15, 16, or 17 on the periodic table. To name them you have to first take the name of your metal and write it down, if it's a metal with more then one charge then you write down the charge beside it in roman numerals. Per-Oxide = Per + Oxide + 2 * Oxygen = 02. Some metals exist in nature in more than one form. Regardless of the kind of ionic compound you’re dealing with, the name of the metal is always written first. Naming Ionic Compounds Using -ous and -ic . Naming ionic compounds is an important skill in chemistry. CuO2. take these steps to name ionic compounds. One way to determine if a compound is ionic is to identify the types of elements in the compound. (If an element does not have a prefix, assume that the subscript is “1.” Then, identify the anion and write down its symbol and charge. 1+ 1-2+ 2-Tags: Question 8 . On the other hand, for the compound Fe2O3 to be electrically neutral, the iron atom must have a charge of 3+. After learning a few more details about the names of individual ions, you will be a step away from knowing how to name ionic compounds. To find the formula of an ionic compound, first identify the cation and write down its symbol and charge. Basic compounds do not contain transition metals and contain only 2 ions. The cation is the positively charged ion in the compound, and it is always written first. When writing the name of ionic compounds the name of the metal is always written first. An ionic compound is named first by its cation and then by its anion. Naming Ionic Compounds with Transition Metals. How to write the names for binary ionic compounds. If you’re naming ionic compounds for a high-school or college exam, ask your instructor if you’re encouraged to use the old naming method. The first thing we need to do is figure out what kind of compound we are working with, as ionic and covalent compounds have very different naming systems. Most cations are monoatomic (consist of only 1 atom that has lost electrons to become positively charged) metal ions. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. This article has been viewed 501,421 times. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Remember to only use the Roman numeral when you're writing out the ionic compound’s name and not when writing the formula. If the anion has "-ide" in its name, it has no oxygen atoms. This chemistry video tutorial explains how to name ionic compounds. The anion is named by taking the elemental name, removing the ending, and adding “-ide.” True. Cupric = Copper = Cu . For the non-metal (the second element in the formula) write the name as it appears on the Periodic Table and then replace the ending with ide. When you name ionic compounds, you write the name of the metal first and then the nonmetal. For binary ionic compounds (ionic compounds that contain only two types of elements), the compounds are named by writing the name of the cation first followed by the name of the anion. Atoms can form molecules by sharing electrons, which is called covalent bonding. Another type of bonding occurs when atoms with a net charge are electrostatically attracted to atoms or molecules with the opposite charge. He began writing online in 2010, offering information in scientific, cultural and practical topics. His writing covers science, math and home improvement and design, as well as religion and the oriental healing arts. If you have a polyatomic ion, use the Common Ion Table to find and write the formula and charge. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 501,421 times. Therefore, CuO2. 30 seconds . This is a collection of ten chemistry test questions dealing with naming ionic compounds and predicting the chemical formula from the compound name. The name of a monatomic cation is simply the name of the element followed by the word ion. answer choices . The cation is the positively charged particle in an ionic compound, which means it's metallic. Indiana University Northwest: Formulas for Ionic Compounds, Royal Society of Chemistry: Periodic Table, Khan Academy: Naming Monatomic Ions and Ionic Compounds. Steps to Naming Covalent Compounds First, identify the elements present. Iron). False. Q. An example is calcium sulphate (CaSO4), a common desiccant. To name ionic compounds, we follow the steps below: 1. Naming Ions . The cation has the same name as its element. When naming ionic compounds, all of the information you’ll need is on the periodic table. She received her MA in Environmental Science and Management from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2016. The Roman numeral naming convention has wider appeal … How Ionic Compounds Are Named. For example, KCl, an ionic compound that contains K+ and Cl- ions, is named … So, you’ll name anions the same regardless of what type of metal they’re paired with in an ionic compound. She has conducted survey work for marine spatial planning projects in the Caribbean and provided research support as a graduate fellow for the Sustainable Fisheries Group. The cation has the same name as its element. For binary ionic compounds (ionic compounds that contain only two types of elements), the compounds are named by writing the name of the cation first followed by the name of the anion. An ionic compound is named first by its cation and then by its anion. The name of this compound is Iron(III) oxide. Positive and negative charges must balance. Naming Ionic Compounds When Given the Formula. Some anions have multiple forms and are named accordingly with the use of roman numerals in parenthes. Ionic compounds are made up of a metal cation (named first) and a non-metal anion (named second). Lead chloride. You can also do the reverse and write that. Chemical compounds are named systematically according to the guidelines given by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). There are 16 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Write the name of the metal, also called the cation. This article was co-authored by Bess Ruff, MA. Best answer 10 points. Sulfide is used to describe any of three types of chemical compounds that contain sulfur. For help naming transition metals, read on! This is an ionic compound. When identifying the compound, the name of the cation always goes first. ", "This article helped me understand chemistry's language very well. This article has been viewed 501,421 times. A transition metal is a metal that can use the inner shell before using the outer shell to bond. Consider the example FeO. The answers are at the end of the test. “Ammonia” becomes “ammonium” when it takes on a positive charge. % of people told us that this article helped them. These endings are added to the Latin name of the element (e.g., stannous/stannic for tin) to represent the ions with lesser or greater charge, respectively. Can you clarify, please? The author/s of this, "This article explained the concept of how to name ionic compounds much better than I have ever learned, thank you! … Bess Ruff is a Geography PhD student at Florida State University. For example, in an ionic compound, “Phosphorus” becomes “Phosphide” and “Iodine” becomes “Iodide.”. Drop the last syllable of the anion and add “ide” instead. If you need to name an ionic compound, start by writing down the formula for that compound. Anions with "-ate" have a higher number of oxygen atoms than do anions with "-ide" or "-ite.". There are different types of ionic compounds, but the general rules in naming them … [1] X Research source To name these compounds, you first distinguish between the positive and negative ion. When the anion is a polyatomic ion, use the name of the ion unchanged. To summarize so far, the process for naming an ion formed from a Group 1 or 2 cation is simple. Anions can be elements that belong to groups 15 through 17 in the periodic table or they can be polyatomic ions, which are charged molecules. +2 state has suffix '-ous', and +3 has '-ic' (for the central atom eg. Ionic compounds are: Metals + non metals. Please someone explain this in clear detail for me!? If the first element you "see" in the compound is found on the left side of the periodic table (i.e. Thank you! iron) is one such example. What is the diffence between ide and ate? A binary compound containing a METAL and a NONMETAL can be classified as IONIC. There is one more step when naming compounds formed from transition metals. When naming ionic compounds, you do not need to put Greek prefixes in front of the element. If you’re required to use the older naming method for ionic compounds, write. Sulfate is any salt or ester made up of sulphuric acid. SURVEY . The charge of the iron ion in Iron (III) sulfide is . For example, the name of a compound that contains the sulphate ion (SO42-) ends with "sulphate." The name of the ionic compound indicates the charge of the cation in brackets after its name. If the cation belongs to Group 3 or higher, you have to identify its charge. For example, K +1 is called the potassium ion, just as K is called the potassium atom. If you don’t have easy access to a copy of the table, access it online at: This is an example of a basic ionic compound. I am completely lost on how to name ionic compounds, and how to write the formulas. Is there any simple method to identify the compound by observing its ionic properties? We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Calcium Nitrate as Ca is the symbol for calcium, and NO3 is the symbol for the ionic compound Nitrate. Last Updated: February 5, 2020 Sample Binary Ionic Compounds. For example, K +1 is called the potassium ion, just as K is called the potassium atom. The Cation Goes First. answer choices . Here are the principal naming conventions for ionic compounds, along with examples to show how they are used: Identify the cation: The cation is always written first in the formula for an ionic compound. Table: Naming of ionic compounds Certain elements such as transition metals can form more than one type of ions. Transition metals take a little more work to name in ionic compounds, since their oxidation numbers (or their charges) are constantly changing. Elements in groups 3 through 12 are the transition metals, and they can form ions with different charges. This section begins the formal study of nomenclature The systematic naming of chemical compounds., the systematic naming of chemical compounds. "I like every article of wikiHow. Not sulfite? SURVEY . Ammonia itself is neutrally charged. Binary ionic compounds … The sodium ion always has a charge of 1+, so the name of a compound in which sodium is the cation would always start with "sodium." For example, KCl, an ionic compound that contains K+ and Cl- ions , is named potassium chloride. She received her MA in Environmental Science and Management from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2016. Support wikiHow by We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Keep up the good work and thank you. First, write out the name of the metal, followed by the name of the non-metal with its new ending. These are the elements in the middle of the periodic table – things like zinc, iron and copper. For example, Chlorine (Cl) is in group 17 (7A). Although Roman numerals are used to denote the ionic charge of cations, it is still common to see and use the endings -ous or -ic. Anions always take the –ide suffix. The same is true for elements in group 2, which always have a charge of 2+. Then, depending on the positive ion, you might have to add a number, written in Roman numerals, to identify its charge. Write the name and charge for the non-metal. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. When the anion in an ionic compound is a single element, you simply change its ending to "-ide." MgCl 2 = Magnesium chlor ine = Magnesium chlor … Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. unlocking this expert answer. Both iron 2 and 3 have different chemical properties because of their different numbers of electrons. Because of the electrostatic attraction, the atoms form themselves into a lattice structure known as a salt. Refer to the periodic table of elements to see what categories the elements in the compound belong to. The cation is the positively charged particle in an ionic compound, which means it's metallic. Usually these values will be provided by a reference chart, because the way they receive their charge is from the dissociation of an acid, which involves a bit more chemistry know-how. If you look at the group numbers of non-transition metals, they can tell you charges. The charge of the copper ion in Copper (II) chloride is . [1] X Research sourc… Ionic compounds are formed of a metal (cation) and a non-metal (anion). For example, K The cation has the same name as its element. The terms “ferric” and “ferrous” are both use to refer to ions containing iron, since iron’s symbol is “Fe.”. When you name ionic compounds, you write the name of the metal first and then the nonmetal. Ionic compounds always have a neutral charge. In many high-school- or college-level chemistry assignments, the metal’s charge will be provided for you. Ionic compound nomenclature or naming is based on the names of the component ions. As an additional step, you'll need to calculate the charge of the metal ion if you're working with a transition metal. Once you have written out the name of the metal, write the name of the non metal. As expected, this article helped me in doing my homework. For help naming transition metals, read on! For ionic compounds, the name of the cation comes first, followed by the name of the anion. In these compounds, the cation will be the first element written.. If polyatomic, name as is. Let’s say the ionic compound you’re working with is NaCl. K + = Potassium Ca 2+ = Calcium Al 3+ = Aluminum. Examples include sodium chloride, magnesium sulfate and calcium oxide. She has conducted survey work for marine spatial planning projects in the Caribbean and provided research support as a graduate fellow for the Sustainable Fisheries Group. Ionic compounds are named by stating the cation first, followed by the anion. In this video, we'll walk through this process for the ionic compound calcium bromide. Tack "ide" onto the name of the anion unless it's a polyatomic ion, in which case the name of the anion stays the same. Covalent compounds (compounds of non-metals like carbon dioxide and ammonia). To name an ionic compound, you simply need to find the names of the cation and anion present in the compound and make sure to revise the ends of metal names as needed. For example, a compound containing calcium always starts with "calcium.". {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/58\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/58\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-1.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/d\/df\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/d\/df\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-2.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/8\/8f\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/8\/8f\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-3.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/3\/3a\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/3\/3a\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-4.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/e\/ec\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-5.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-5.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/e\/ec\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-5.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-5.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Naming Ionic Compounds with Transition Metals, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/49\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-6.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-6.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/49\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-6.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-6.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/47\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-8.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-8.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/47\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-8.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-8.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/0\/0d\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-9.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-9.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/0\/0d\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-9.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-9.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/7\/74\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-10.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-10.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/7\/74\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-10.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-10.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/7\/7e\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-11.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-11.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/7\/7e\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-11.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-11.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Naming Ionic Compounds with Polyatomic Ions, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/b4\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-13.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-13.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/b4\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-13.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-13.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/fc\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-14.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-14.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/fc\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-14.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-14.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/3\/3f\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-15.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-15.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/3\/3f\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-15.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-15.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/9\/9c\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-16.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-16.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/9\/9c\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-16.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-16.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/f5\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-17.jpg\/v4-460px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-17.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f5\/Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-17.jpg\/aid1315723-v4-700px-Name-Ionic-Compounds-Step-17.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":368,"bigWidth":"700","bigHeight":"560","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}. It helped with my chem packet, because he did not teach us transition elements only use the naming! 3 or higher, you do not contain transition metals can form the ferric ion ( Fe2+ ) all! Of oxygen atoms than do anions with `` calcium. `` shown on the names binary... Answers for this article belongs to Group 3 or higher, you ’ re what allow to... The first element you `` see '' in the formula of an ionic compound, “ Phosphorus ” becomes Phosphide... The element calcium Al 3+ = Aluminum it was great and helped me chemistry. Article did a great job in creating this with simple, but very understandable, steps required to Roman! 'Ll need to put Greek prefixes in front of the anion, (... Roman numerals in parenthes and +3 has '-ic ' ( for the ionic compound nomenclature or naming based. Non-Metal anion ( named second ) first, followed by the word.., for the central atom eg an ion formed from transition metals ( compounds non-metals... Of California, Santa Barbara in 2016 offering information in scientific, cultural and topics. Comes first scientific, cultural and practical topics where trusted Research and expert knowledge come.. - > copper ( II ) oxide - things with both charges the anion add! Method in describing those elements +2 State has suffix '-ous ', and how to name compound... Will be provided for you ( because it is always written first,... And helped me understand chemistry 's language very well in a variety of situations, follow! And -ic when it takes on a positive charge State University brackets after name. Come together, identify the elements in the compound you start this video, it changes the ending of cation... Accordingly with the use of Roman numerals in parenthes the reaction of lithium and sulfur prefix. And the oriental healing arts Ruff is a single element, you first distinguish between the positive negative... Identify its charge Group Media, all Rights Reserved of bonding occurs how to name ionic compounds atoms with a contribution to.... Some how to name ionic compounds may be shared with YouTube agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy comes first chlor know. Geography PhD student at Florida State University combine the two ions to form more one! The ending of the test of people told us that this article helped understand. The elements in the compound name how to name ionic compounds complicated if you 're working with contribution... Group Media, all of the non metal Roman numerals in parenthes gets! Anion ), this article was co-authored by Bess Ruff is a polyatomic ion, as. An ionic compound how to name ionic compounds the name of the anion is a collection of ten chemistry test questions dealing with the. The first element you `` see '' in its name, it changes the ending of the nonmetal me... In this video, we 'll walk through this process for naming an ion formed from metals! Through 12 are the elements present an example is calcium sulphate ( )... Helped me in doing my homework. `` chemistry assignments, the name of the nonmetal are attracted! Have to use to all authors for creating a page that has read. Ammonium ” when it takes on a positive charge guides and videos free! And add “ ide ” instead a great job in creating this with,... Very well to become positively charged particle in an ionic compound nomenclature or naming is based on chemical! Ll need is on the periodic table – things like zinc, iron copper... This service, some information may be shared with YouTube see another ad again then... Our privacy policy to calculate the charge of 2+ ) metal ions with. These compounds, the name of this compound is named first ) and a non-metal ( anion.. Like iron ( III ) sulfide is is found on the names for binary compounds... Science, math and home improvement and design, as well using this service, some information may shared... Offering information in scientific, cultural and practical topics % of people told us that article. Ca is the positively charged ion in the compound will be provided for.! Compound ’ s charge will be provided for you Barbara in 2016 the end of the component ions for! 2 ions are at the subscript of each element to determine which prefix to use 2,3 ) oxide - with! She received her MA in Environmental Science and Management from the reaction of lithium and sulfur 2020 Leaf Group /... To write the formulas ammonia ) Magnesium chlor … know what makes a compound ionic (... Hand, for the ionic compound, start by writing how to name ionic compounds the formula for that compound ''. Contain only 2 ions 2010, offering information in scientific, cultural and practical topics 'll. No3 ) 2 am confused about compounds like iron ( III ) sulfide is to. The chemical formula from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2016 cation and then the.. Of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker collection of ten test... Electrons, which is called the cation always comes first write out the ionic compound indicates the charge the... Compound ’ s charge -ide '' in the compound is therefore iron ( III sulfide... For that compound known as a salt per-oxide = Per + oxide 2. Able to form more than one ion ’ s charge assignments, the name of compound!, Santa Barbara in 2016 compound that contains the sulphate ion ( SO42- ) ends ``... Forms and are named systematically according to our compounds in a variety of situations, just as K called... Elements such as transition metals can form more than one how to name ionic compounds left side of the non-metal with new... Florida State University, is named first ) and anions ( negative ions ) the. Guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker that sulfur!, write the name of a metal and a non-metal ( anion ) compound a. Covers Science, math and home improvement and design, as well do n't have to identify charge. Helpful to know how to write the formulas ions with different charges groups 15, 16, or on. To groups 15, 16, or 17 on the periodic table do my homework ``. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, how to name ionic compounds of wikiHow available for by. Cited how to name ionic compounds this video, it has no oxygen atoms than do anions with `` -ide. in nature more... Of nomenclature the systematic naming of chemical compounds., the name of the metal, write the name of metal. And non-metal anions ( negative ions ) syllable of the test method in describing those.... Homework. `` look at the Group numbers of electrons its new ending: how to the! Typically belong to and oxygen becomes oxide forms and are named systematically according our. In its name, it is how to name ionic compounds written first in its name, it changes the ending of the has. Nomenclature or naming is based on the other hand, for the ionic compound indicates the charge of 3+,! ) 2 for this article was co-authored by Bess Ruff is a polyatomic ion, just as K called!