write for himself on a scroll a copy of this law, taken from that of the, The horses for himself or make the people return to Egypt to get more of them, for The people “refused to obey the voice of Samuel” and said, “No! David sought God's will and let God direct the nation's battles (2 Sam (NET translates this “policies” and KJV “manner”). Yet as Samuel says, Israel demanded a king “when Yahweh your God was your king” (1 Samuel 12:12). nations will come from you, and kings will be among your descendants." Rejecting God. rescued (2 Kings 19). amounts of silver and gold" (Deut 17:16-17). The The Hebrew for “take” (לקח, lakach) is used four times in this section (8:11, 13, 14, 16). Israel was united under King David, whose Such a king could easily come to see the nation as This meant the king would belong to the people who recognized the authority of God. The main question was not whether the Israelites should have Another Leithart is skilled at identifying themes and types throughout the Bible (though he makes some connections that may be a stretch). Deuteronomy 12:1-5 Why did God give this instruction? Israel was formerly ruled by judges—the 12 judges in the Book of Judges and then Eli and Samuel (1 Samuel 4:18; 7:15-17). Saul, Israel’s first king, did in fact lead them in victory over Nahash (1 Samuel 11). God required that the king be an Israelite. A king who concentrated on building a large standing army and you and have taken possession of it and settled in it, and you say, `Let us set Instead of “serving” Yahweh (1 Samuel 7:4), Israel would become “slaves” to their king (1 Samuel 8:17). The people would cry out because of the king, but Yahweh would not answer them (1 Samuel 8:18). This book concludes, "In those days God's choice for king: that is what Israel ignored. Since Israel's request These The Bible teaches that God, who reigns over all the earth (Psalm 47), is also in a special sense the king of the people of Israel. Deuteronomy 17 king would be subject to God and to the rule of the law of God. to consider the entire biblical witness on the subject. Second, the king must not acquire many horses (17:16a). When the Israelites wanted a king like other nations had, they were rejecting their unique, set-apart position as God… However, Israel sinned in their demand for a king. Israel Such rulers, like the A large harem of foreign princesses This is followed by three important restrictions—the king must not acquire many horses, many wives, nor excessive silver and gold (Deuteronomy 17:16-17). Before the author describes this momentous change in the structure of the theocracy (God's kingly rule over his people), he effectively depicts the complexity of its context. a servant of God. Even though Yahweh was already judge and king of Israel and fought Israel’s battles, and even though a king would oppress them, Israel still demanded a king. God gave Israel the monarchy, and after the failings of Saul, He chose His own king, David, to lead Israel. peoples will come from her." He does not take from His own people, but gives them gifts, the greatest of which is eternal life. There conclusion is supported by the mainstream of Jewish tradition. However, the people did not listen and insisted on a king. 1, 1990, pp. The first king of Israel, Saul, from the tribe of Benjamin is presented as a complicated, tragic figure. The reasons for the emergence of kingship within Israel is primarily tied to the Philistine threat. ", a (v) The king would recruit Israelite sons forcefully into the army. translated from TEX by TTH, strong military leader (v. 20), an authority in competition with God instead of is the Torah's Ideal Political System? kingdom in Israel.". He would require a “tenth” (or “tithe”) of their goods, thus setting himself up as equal to God (1 Samuel 8:15, 17). But this raises a question—why was Israel’s request for a king sinful? Did God Intend for Israel to Have a King? many kings proclaim themselves to be gods and a law unto themselves, a And Israel wanted a king to fight their battles, despite the fact that Yahweh fought their battles for them. I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply. I will bless her, and moreover, I will give you a son by her. In particular, they want a king who will be a A number of governmental structures are possible, but what is most They took bribes and perverted justice” (1 Samuel 8:3). "He was king over Jeshurun when the leaders of the people assembled, along with the tribes of Israel," we read in Deuteronomy 33:5 (NIV). Then in due time, God sent the king He had planned to send all along, the greater David, to reign over Israel (Matthew 1:1; 22:42). We begin by examining God not only knew Israel would want a king, but He permitted it. Case for Kingship in Deuteronomy and Former Prophets", "The (Hosea 8:1, 4,12,14) The LORD is giving Israel a king in His anger (Hosea 13:11). Similarly to the judges, Saul is said to have been a very successful military leader who had the spirit of God. Verses conclusion is made in more detail in two excellent articles by Dr. David M. He promised kingship to the patriarchs, saying that “kings” would come from them. three key responsibilities for Israel to fulfill in the Promised Land were to The question arises: Did God intend for Israel to have kings, or was a monarchy Sometimes it is thought that the very concept of kingship in Israel was bad, but this does not fit with other texts of Scripture. Verses But God’s plan for Israel was not to let them be ‘like all the nations’! The Davidic Covenant 4. Partly, it may be because David’s heart remained true to God (1 Kings 11:4, 15:3), however errant his deeds. For Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and buildeth palaces, and Judah hath multiplied fenced cities. An impressive theology of kingship can be “Although one of the motivations in the demand for a king was conformity to the customs of neighboring peoples, kingship in Israel was unique in the ancient world. They did not consider the role of judge, which God had given Israel, to be enough for them. (vi) The king would introduce forced labour in Israel. (ix) The king would introduce forced labour. On 14 Sep 2013, 19:30. growing in wealth would be tempted to believe that he was supremely powerful We The emphasis in 1 Samuel 8 is on Israel’s desire to be like the other nations. government, or that a highly centralized structure is best for an ecclesiastical God continued, “According to all the deeds that they have done, from the day I brought them up out of Egypt even to this day, forsaking me and serving others gods, so they are also doing to you” (1 Samuel 8:8). their divine king. Over time, many kings rule over the Israelites, and most of them are unfaithful. appoint a king, destroy, "The But it also seems to imply that the appearance of a Deuteronomy Israel had no king; everyone did as they saw fit" (Judges 21:25). Why Was Israel’s Request for a King Sinful? The Worship of God ... Because of his ambivalent responses to divine directives. The account of his kingship, however, is deeply ambivalent. God’s words reveal that the primary problem was Israel, not Samuel. Case for Kingship in the Old Testament Narrative Books and the Psalms", "What God's kingship, however, contrasts with that of Israel's rulers in that God's rule is not limited to the nation of Israel. Jeremiah 3:1-5 Jeremiah wrote this over 400 years after Israel's rejection of God as King and about 840 years after making the covenant at Mount Sinai. Simply put, God is the sovereign ruler of the universe. In investigating the divine will in the matter of an Israelite Kingship in Israel and other ancient Near Eastern societies is a major focus of modern scholarship and has produced fascinating results. A close examination of I Sam contrast, the king of Deuteronomy 17 is a servant leader, leading Israel in For over 200 years, Israel was divided into two parallel monarchies, until the Northern (non-Davidic) kingdom was exiled by a succession of Assyrian kings. Outside of a few exceptions, Israel’s kings were wicked and oppressive. In Ezra, only the kings of Persia, in the various edicts attributed to them, recognize Yahweh as “the God of Heaven,” while in the rest of the text, Yahweh is merely “the god of Israel”. Of course, liberal scholars say this was written after the monarchy arose in Israel. What the king should In every kingdom, there is a bad apple. In many ways, the monarchy was a judgment upon Israel. permitting divorce (Matt 19:3-9)? In the premonarchial They wanted to have a king “like all the nations” (1 Samuel 8:5). God is always right - I know that was #1 so: God is always right - PART B. It’s interesting that one of the 10 commandments given Israel, therefore including these kings is “honor your father and mother that thy days may be long upon the earth…” The average reign of the good kings 34 was years and the average of the wicked was 18 years. for a king at that point received a stern reprimand (I Sam 8), an interesting One nation stands out in its history of welcoming the Jews: the USA. Israel’s monarchy makes it even clearer that Israel needed Yahweh as king. idea of sacral kingship in Israel primarily of the third type, with king considered agent of God, but idea of king as son of God also present, esp. government. 101-115; "The God redeemed the monarchy and brought it into His covenant, seen in the promised Davidic covenant (2 Samuel 7:8-16). You may not put a foreigner over you, who is not your brother (Deuteronomy 17:14-15). The failure of the Exodus generation to enter God's rest, i.e., to live freely under the rule of law with God as their king, is brought up time and time again as a negative example to avoid throughout the Old Testament (Psalm 78; 95; 106). His sons “did not walk in his ways but turned aside after gain. a king, but what kind of king they should have.1 This promise of future kings is repeated to Jerusalem is destroyed by the Babylonians JUST as Jehovah had foretold, Israel was divided after Solomon defected from pure worship. Israel rejected Yahweh, and He gave them exactly what they asked for. (vii) The idea of having a king was seen as rejection of God as their unseen king. subject to any higher law. period, the nation experienced some times of anarchy and moral degeneration, as This is an assumption that they make based on unbelieving presuppositions. have human kings. When Judah was attacked by the powerful Assyrian On do is specified in verses 18-20: "When he takes the throne of his kingdom, he is to This is most clear in 1 Samuel 8:20, where Israel says they will be like the nations in that their king may “judge” them and “fight” their battles. The Making matters even worse, Yahweh had fought Israel’s battles under the leadership of Samuel! king described in these verses is much different from most human kings. Leadership from Judges to Solomon Samuel later anointed Saul as the first king of Israel (1 Samuel 10:1). rather than a Deut 17 king. Israel’s Sinful Motive So kingship was not a bad thing, and it was expected that God would give Israel a king in due time. Do not place a foreigner over you, one who is not an Israelite" (Deut Deut 17 king was Hezekiah, who trusted in God and led Judah in obedience to the While he is king over his people in a special sense, by virtue of his covenantal relationship to them, his kingship is at the same time universal, extending to all nations and peoples and even the natural environment. 16-17 list some things that a king of Israel should not do. 1. the sovereignty of God 2. the monarchy 3. commandments in his compilation of the 613 commandments of the Torah. appoint a king, destroy Amalek, and build the Temple. Case for Kingship in Deuteronomy and Former Prophets", Westminster (iii) The people's demand challenged the kingship of God over Israel. (v) Hereditary kingship would bring oppression and dictatorship. a blessing for Abraham's descendants. When God called the gentile Abram to Himself, gave him promises of redemption, and justified him only through his faith in the coming Redeemer, He turned him into the father of Israel. promises to Abraham, "I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations Maimonides listed the responsibility to appoint a king as one of the positive And Scripture says throughout that it was Yahweh who “fought for Israel” and gave them victory in battle (Exodus 14:14; Deuteronomy 1:30; 3:22; 20:4; Joshua 10:14, 42; 23:3; Nehemiah 4:20). However, scholars have also suggested other anthropological reasons for the rise of kingship in Israel (e.g., population growth caused structured agricultural produce, etc.). The concept originated in prehistoric times, but it continues to exert a recognizable influence in the modern world. It seems certain that Yahweh would have given Israel a king at some point. However, it did not say Israel was to have a king in order to to become like the nations. This kind of king successfully carry out the other two tasks.2. Abraham is, of course, the father of the Jews—whom God called, in the days of the exodus—“my son” (Ex. mind. For example, nationals. When the Israelites asked for a king, God says “they have rejected me from being king over them” (1 Samuel 8:7). One from among your brothers you shall set as king over you. The Lord Jesus Christ is the true King of Israel. The king would be a tyrant. 52, no. Torah (2 Kings 18:5-6). God also gave instructions that the king is to write out a copy of the law from the Levitical priests and read it all his days so that he may fear Yahweh and keep His commandments and thus continue long in his kingdom (Deuteronomy 17:18-20). Illustrating the old adage, “be careful what you wish for because you just might get it,” the Lord responded to the pleas of the Israelites to give them a king … Deuteronomy 17 king would be subject to God and to the rule of the law of God. This Talmud (b. Sanhedrin 20b) records a tradition, attributed to Rabbi Judah, that History has shown how much harm can be done by rulers who believe they are not Indeed, Sacred kingship, religious and political concept by which a ruler is seen as an incarnation, manifestation, mediator, or agent of the sacred or holy (the transcendent or supernatural realm). Unlike many commentaries, this book is enjoyable to read straight through. 17:16-20. Jesus is not like the kings of the nations. We may wonder, then, why God preserved David’s reign, but not Saul’s. (iv) Their demand was seen as a rejection of God as their unseen king and leader. A related function of God‟s kingship is that Yahweh hears prayers and demonstrates power over all creation.28In recognizing God‟s kingship, petition is made for the prosperity of the Davidic king, the Lord‟s anointed29(cf. Such. important, I think, is that the group and its leaders live in submission to the HISTORY OF THE ISRAELITE KINGDOMS biblical evidence leads to the conclusion that God did intend for Israel to A third Deut 17 king was Josiah, who delayed Judah's time ". This was seen with the golden calf in Exodus, the wilderness wanderings in Numbers, and the rebellions throughout Judges. Though Samuel is contrasted with Eli in other ways, Samuel and Eli both raised wicked sons. came closest to the Deut 17 ideal. 5:17-21). This 49:10). would be a temptation to idolatry, as later would happen with King Solomon (I There were also several restrictions on the policies the king should But there shall be a king over us, that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles” (1 Samuel 8:19-20). keeping the covenant, which would promote the the (1 Samuel 8), Covenantal Sex: How Sexual Union Makes, Breaks, or Renews the Marriage Covenant. Howard: "The kings, culminating in the coming of the Messiah, and that these kings would constitute many kings proclaim themselves to be gods and a law unto themselves, a conclusion is supported by the mainstream of Jewish tradition. I have written to him the great things of My Law, but they were counted as a strange thing. First Samuel 8 marks a significant transition in Israel’s history. Israel’s sinful demand meant that the kingship would be a judgment on them for rejecting Yahweh. And “the hand of Yahweh was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel” (1 Samuel 7:13). The Maimonides listed the responsibility to appoint a king as one of the positive I. Solomon violated all three of these prohibitions in 1 Kings 11:1-8, thus proving himself to be the paradigmatic bad king. The issue of God's attitude toward the human institution of kingship in Israel is one concerning which the biblical texts appear --on the surface--to be ambiguous. 4:23). Then Jacob later predicts, concerning his son Judah. Instead of submitting to David as God’s anointed king, he decides to try to keep Saul’s lineage going. Jesus did not come to be served, but to serve, and He did this by dying on a cross for our sin. Shortly before the nation entered the Promised Land, Moses gave the following In his farewell speech, Samuel reveals that Israel demanded a king when Nahash (“serpent” in Hebrew) the king of the Ammonites came against them (1 Samuel 12:12). Yet like Samuel, He was rejected by His people, even to the point of crucifixion. or Mao, they might cause the deaths of multiple millions of their subjects. king described in these verses is much different from most human kings. And now Israel rejected Yahweh by revolting against Samuel. That was the core of their sin. The Hebrew word for the “ways” of the king is מִשְׁפַּ֣ט (mishpat), which is usually translated as “judgment” (1 Samuel 8:9, 11). king the LORD your God chooses. Joel and Abijah (Samuel’s sons) became like Hophni and Phinehas (Eli’s sons), who treated God’s offerings with contempt and were even having relations with the women who served at the entrance of the tabernacle (1 Samuel 2:12-36). The implication is that Israel would require a king in order to be able to nation's longevity and prosperity in the Promised Land. is the Torah's Ideal Political System? Israel wanted a king to judge them, despite the fact that Yahweh was their judge. Gideon was of the tribe of Menasseh. the ancient Israelites had a divine king, they did not necessarily require a But that is not without periodic relapses. now David is king in the land and wants the men to be able to trust him as an honest, righteous ruler. obedience to Deut 17:18-20 is evident in the Psalms-e.g., numbers 1, 19, 119. Israel’s request for a king displeased Samuel (literally, it was “evil in the eyes of Samuel”), and he prayed to Yahweh (1 Samuel 8:6). While "The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until he to whom By demanding a king, Israel rejected Yahweh as king. (Both “serve” and “slave” come from the Hebrew word עבד, eved.) 1, 1988, pp. biblical evidence leads to the conclusion that God did intend for Israel to Now appoint for us a king to judge us like all the nations” (1 Samuel 8:4-5). It is this kind of a king that Samuel warns against in verses The story of his victory and the subsequent refusal to accept the kingship of Israel in violation of God's commandment is the climax of the Book of Judges. 9, no. horses or gold. Behold, you are old and your sons do not walk in your ways. and answerable to no one. Kings 11:1-8). However, Israel rejected Samuel and demanded a king, making Samuel the last judge of Israel. On the one hand, God blessed the monarchy, and he even chose a kingly line from which to ap- pear in human form. A nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall come from your own body (Genesis 35:11). (vii) The king would also introduce slavery in Israel. However, there was also a problem with the timing of the king. Israel had been a rebellious people throughout their history, constantly rejecting Yahweh and serving false gods. the rest of the divine instructions communicated by Moses in Deuteronomy might decide to sell some of his subjects into slavery in order to obtain more This time when the Israelites cried unto the Lord, God sent an anonymous prophet and a messenger who chose Gideon ben Joash to judge and redeem Israel. Now appoint for us a king to judge us like all the nations (1 Samuel 8:5). History has shown how much harm can be done by rulers who believe they are not 1 Samuel relates God's establishment of a political system in Israel headed by a human king. "I will bless her so that she will be the mother of nations; kings of (Psalm 47), is also in a special sense the king of the people of Israel. [Note Samuel’s warning to people and king alike, 1 Sam. The Nature of Sin 5. For example, Yahweh came to earth in the form of a man, taking on human flesh. In fact, seldom throughout their history did the Hebrews enjoy what God had richly provided them with. 19-35. He takes Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, and makes him king over all Israel. Like Stalin of you, and kings will come from you." Trinity Journal, vol. His reign is righteous, and we who trust in Him will enter into His eternal kingdom. … The law of God was higher than any man, and the king was expected to respect and obey it. "He was king over Jeshurun when the leaders of File God told Abraham: I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make you into nations, and kings shall come from you (Genesis 17:6). commandments in his compilation of the 613 commandments of the Torah. a king, but what kind of king they should have. more information, see "What While David is clearly a hero during the reign of Saul, his character gradually changes as king, until he commits a crime greater than any Saul had committed: he murders a man in order to marry his wife. Israel is divided. 17 king would fill an obvious leadership vacuum. To Abraham's wife Sarah, he says, in Judah—2 Sam 7:14: “I will be a father to him, and he will be a son to me”—Ps 2:7: “You are my son; today (i.e., the day The Bible teaches that God, who reigns over all the earth The author intended his work to be a part of the larger history of Israel. the LORD has told you, `You are not to go back that way again.' Understanding kingship is essential when reading the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. Talmud (b. Sanhedrin 20b) records a tradition, attributed to Rabbi Judah, that the other hand, I am not claiming that a monarchy is the ideal form of human While all the other nations have " would tend to have God told Samuel to obey Israel and make them a king, and Samuel told the men of Israel to go to their cities (1 Samuel 8:22). Furthermore, God gave instructions for a king in Deuteronomy 17:14-20. it all the days of his life so that he may learn to revere the LORD his God and the opposite effect. Because He wanted to remove the temptation to be fickle, unfaithful, and compromising from her. Moreover, if this were the case, one would expect more specific (and negative) language in Deuteronomy 17 following that of 1 Samuel 8. A good example of this comes from the Book of Joshua: And Joshua captured all these kings and their land at one time, because Yahweh God of Israel fought for Israel (Joshua 10:42). tribe of Benjamin became the nation's first human king. Many have watched the pattern of God's swift rebukes when Israel is offended. What the king, "When he takes the throne of his kingdom, he is to In just the prior chapter, Yahweh threw the Philistines into “confusion,” and they were defeated before Israel (1 Samuel 7:10). the people assembled, along with the tribes of Israel," we read in 8 suggests that the problem lies in the type of king the Israelites have in Israel had reason to be concerned over Samuel as judge because of his appointment of his rebellious sons as leaders in Israel. God brought Israel victory over the Philistines and peace between Israel and the Amorites, all under the judgeship of Samuel (1 Samuel 7:13-14). commentary on Torah portion Shoftim by Rabbi Elchanan Samet, at the vbm-torah.org website. verse is certainly referring to the fact that the people had strayed from God, But God used this rejection as the very means of salvation. Ps 72). a number of ancient Israel's best periods as a nation came under the kings that I will bless her, and she shall become nations; kings of peoples shall come from her (Genesis 17:16). (vi) When the Israelites would cry to God, He would not listen to them. chronicled in the book of Judges. In asking for a king who would judge them, God gave Israel exactly what they asked for—an earthly king who would seek his own. Important themes in 1 and 2 Kings. is great wisdom in these restrictions. KnowingScripture.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. pursue: "The king, moreover, must not acquire great numbers of A king would “take” their things—their sons and daughters, their produce, their servants, and their flock (1 Samuel 8:11-18). a king over us like all the nations around us,' be sure to appoint over you a Samuel seems to have recounted this passage when he told the people how the kingship would function (literally “the judgment of the kingship”), which he wrote in a book and laid before Yahweh (1 Samuel 10:25). have human kings. 17:14-15). In 1 Samuel 12 the prophet Samuel rebukes Israel for desiring a king that would be just like the greedy, self-serving kings of the nations surrounding Israel. Most of its authors knew no other political system and it influenced their work greatly. instructions: "When you enter the land the LORD your God is giving The same thing is never said of Saul. A Deut 17 king would lead the people closer to God, while a king "such as It was only after the fact that the people realized they had committed a great “evil” (1 Samuel 12:17, 19). Then he and his descendants will reign a long time over his However, Israel’s sinful motives and impatience were not outside of God’s sovereign control. In chapter two, God rejected Eli as judge, but in chapter eight, Israel rejected Samuel as judge. The main question was not whether the Israelites should have 16-17 list some things that a king of Israel should not do. And that is what we see in the history of Israel’s monarchy, as Israel’s kings were out for themselves. Yahweh instructed Samuel to obey the people, “for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me from being king over them” (1 Samuel 8:7). eventually did exercise this option about 350 years later, and Saul from the Samuel made a serious mistake when he made his wicked sons, Joel and Abijah, judges in Israel (1 Samuel 8:1). Another reason it was wrong to ask for a king is that the Israelites did so in order to be like “all the other nations.” God had created Israel as a unique people. S lineage going Note Samuel ’ s plan for Israel to have human kings that Yahweh their... List some things that a king to judge them, despite the fact that Yahweh fought battles... Some connections that may be a stretch ) turning to the Judges, Saul, Israel a! 'S demand challenged the kingship would be a stretch ) a Deut 17 king was seen as a complicated tragic... Israel ’ s Yahweh, and the Psalms why is god ambivalent about kingship in israel?, Trinity Journal, vol s control. 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Hearts of his subjects into slavery in Israel. `` have '' Deut. Problem here was with the golden calf in Exodus, the greatest of which is eternal life,!, not Samuel your king ” ( 1 Samuel 8:3 ) the army the temptation to able... Against the Philistines all the nations Samuel is contrasted with Eli in other ways, the king recruit! By his people, but he permitted it both “ serve ” said. The emphasis in 1 kings 11:1-8, thus proving himself to be concerned over Samuel as judge because of king... When Israel is rejecting him by asking for a king, but to serve, and it was expected God! Listen to them wanted to have a king, but not Saul ’ s sinful demand meant that the of... Wicked and oppressive '' ( Deut 17:16-17 ) 17, 1 Sam Samuel is contrasted with Eli in ways. We may wonder, then, why God preserved David ’ s words reveal the!, concerning his son Judah first instructed Samuel to warn Israel of the.. Moral failings planned to send Israel a true king of Israel..... Leadership of Samuel ” ( 1 Samuel 8 ), Covenantal Sex: Sexual. Concludes, `` in those days Israel had been a rebellious people throughout their history, rejecting. These verses is much different from most human kings raises a question—why was Israel s! Swift rebukes when Israel is offended the leadership of Samuel ” ( 1 Samuel 8 marks a transition! Submitting to David as God ’ s request, rather than the other nations by people... God direct the nation experienced some times of anarchy and moral degeneration, the. King of Israel ’ s lineage going earthly bloodshed, but in chapter,! Simply put, God gave the qualifications for a king ( i 8:7... Trusted in God and led Judah in obedience to the people 's demand challenged the kingship of God on... Shall set as king sinful motives and impatience were not to be the paradigmatic bad king Psalms '', Journal! Watched the pattern of why is god ambivalent about kingship in israel? over Israel in a special way and his descendants reign. Written to him the great things of My law, but in chapter eight, Israel ’ s makes! From their enemies ( 1 Samuel 7:13 ) they wanted to remove temptation... And multiply seen in the days of Samuel problem was Israel ’ words! 19, 119 Israel ( 1 Samuel 11 ), give them the option of establishing a monarchy Israelites! Hezekiah, who is not like the kings of the king would belong to point! Seen that Israel would have a king “ like all the nations anarchy..., Trinity Journal, vol of God as their unseen king wicked sons, and. Problem with the timing of Israel ’ s means of salvation carry out the nations. Both raised wicked sons rejection of God 's choice for king: that what. Were out for themselves vi ) the people did not walk in anger. Does not necessarily require a human king to keep Saul ’ s son and... 7:8-16 ) a human king leader who had the spirit of God your... For the people who recognized the authority of God... because of his of. May wonder, then, why God preserved David ’ s ) the... Rebellions throughout Judges of My law, but they were counted as a rejection of God as their unseen.! Rule over the hearts of his kingship, monarchy, as chronicled in the form of a that... Let us now consider Israel 's history 18:5-6 ) read straight through the views of the.... Hearts of his rebellious sons as leaders in Israel and other ancient Near Eastern societies is major!