These species have two characteristics of the floret that make them particularly insidious. Grass awns are deadly dangerous for your dog. Dogs occasionally graze on grass to calm their stomachs and gain additional nutrients, making it imperative for dog owners to maintain pet-safe plants. Fortunately, grass snakes are neither poisonous, not venomous. If this yard we are perusing is in the deep south or a nice hot tropical climate, there might be a Sago Palm or two. Initially, dogs who consume grapes may vomit and be lethargic. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AROL http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HECOC8 Most ornamental grasses pose no danger to humans but can be toxic to certain kinds of animals. We currently know of or suspect several grass species as dangers to our dogs. While a nice walk outside is quality time for both dog and owner, it too can be fraught with potential danger. “When untreated, it's likely that the clinical signs of irritation and infection will worsen,” says Dr. Mahaney. These can cause serious illness and even death in some cases. This risk also has quite a bit to do with where you live. Dogs can have a varied reaction to the poisonous pampas grass such as vomiting, drooling diarrhoea, seizures or coma. Oldfield Threeawn Aristida oligantha But removing an awn from a dog’s nose can go beyond tricky. Well, that can be difficult to answer. 21st September 2020. Spikelets are the small spikes making up the flower head at the top of long grasses, and are commonly called grass seeds.As dogs run through long grass, the spikelets can get trapped in their coat, in their ears, between their paws, up their nose or in their eyes. Cheatgrass/Downy brome Bromus tectorum Photos in site Gallery Dogs have been known to eat the seeds that fall from the plant. I remember one case of a dog who was lame and had pus draining out of a muscle in his shoulder.” “A course of antibiotics and exploring the drainage tract for foreign material while the dog was anesthetized didn’t work,” said Dr. Coates. “Dogs tend to ‘lead with their noses’ when they’re exploring, so it’s not too surprising that a sharp seed head from a long piece of grass might get lodged up there.”. Across the country, soil pH levels vary; 3.0 or below is considered very acidic, while 8.0 and above is considered basic. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARSCO http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRDIR, Canada Wild Rye Elymus canadensis Photos in site Gallery Its essential oil is … The danger of foxtails goes beyond simple irritation. These species have two characteristics of the floret that make them particularly insidious. While part of the purpose of awns is to attach to passing animals and be distributed to other areas, this relationship is by no means symbiotic. I think the combination of lots of tall grass in the environment and dogs running off leash was to blame,” says Dr. Jennifer Coates of Fort Collins, Colorado. This plant was suggested as problematic by a plant biologist at U of Minnesota. The reason that grass seeds can be dangerous for dogs (or even cats), is that they can easily penetrate their outer skin in multiple areas. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MUSC More photographs of many grasses: http://www.invasive.org, Your email address will not be published. Our FULL list of all (hundreds) seeds, plants toxic to dogs and seeds, plants safe for dogs. This weed is primarily found west of the Mississippi River. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=NAPU4 Sleepygrass/Tall Needle grass Stipa robusta http://plants.usda.gov/gallery/pubs/musc_002_php.jpg Mushrooms with warts, scales or white, instead of brown, gills are likely dangerous. If left untreated, grass seeds can cause a whole heap of problems. Even the most tolerant pets should only be exposed to diffused essentials oils for a few minutes, preferably in a different room. Grass awns can be inhaled, swallowed and even penetrate the dog’s skin. http://www.eeob.iastate.edu/research/iowagrasses/speciespages/AgrosHiema/AgrosHiema.html The dog was ultimately euthanized, as the owner was not able to continue to pursue the required treatment (drainage of fluid from the chest cavity, exploratory thoracic surgery, hospitalization, laboratory testing, diagnostic imaging, etc. We currently know of or suspect several grass species as dangers to our dogs. Variegated ribbon grass misbehaves in U.S. http://plants.usda.gov/java/largeImage?imageID=mupa6_001_avd.tif, NRCS database (main): http://plants.usda.gov/ Virginia Wild Rye Elymus virginicus Sadly, only half of the dogs that eat this plant live. Needle and Thread Stipa comate “When I practiced in Wyoming, I saw a number of dogs with grass awns in their noses. He also says to be on the lookout for draining tracts (an opening through the skin surface from which the discharge drains), licking, scratching, chewing, or pawing at the site, lethargy, depression, and a decreased appetite. Gardeners can look across their landscape at the ornamental grass to see if the pet has visited the area. They don’t have the Venom gland however they can attack their predators by releasing some kind of foul-smelling secretions. When it comes to risks to the health of our dogs, the culprits are literally all around us. Parasites such as hookworms, roundworms, tapeworms, and giardia are commonly found in the grass and ultimately cause the type of digestive distress that drives many dogs to eat grass in the first place. Leaves grow 3 to 4 feet in length. It is when they are not quickly removed by the owner, or expelled by the animal, that they become problematic. So, a working dog used for tracking or hunting through the countryside might come across awns regularly, but an urban dog that spends a few moments exploring a neglected back alleyway can still be at risk. A dog might also excessively rub its nose. If you believe your dog consumed a part of this plant, contact your veterinarian. The dog recovered, but only because the owner was willing to keep trying.”. Grass awns can be inhaled, become lodged in the ears, swallowed, or even just imbedded in the coat or skin. The foxtail plant is a grass-like weed. Shown: Common wheat grass awns / Image credit: Smith Veterinary HospitalÂ. The grasses that cause problems flower from October to December, mainly in response to rain. Shown: Grass awns illustrated, Bromus madritensis / Image credit: Stanford Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve, Shown: Common oat grass / Image credit: California’s Coastal Prairies, How to Protect Your Dog from Grass Awn Injury, Stanford Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve. Common Diffuser Essential Oils that may be Toxic to Dogs, Cats, Rabbits, Birds, Fish, Reptiles and Small Pets Your email address will not be published. So, more dogs are seen with grass seed issues following lots of rain in spring and summer. Pretty much any contact a dog has with grass awns is potentially hazardous. (Visited 320 times, 1 visits today) Tweet. http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/brotec/all.html, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRTE, http://www.ubcbotanicalgarden.org/potd/2007/05/bromus_tectorum.php, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRDIR, http://plants.usda.gov/gallery/pubs/elca4_003_pvp.jpg, http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Monocots&FamilyID=Poaceae&GenusID=Elymus&SpeciesID=canadensis, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ELVI3, http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Monocots&FamilyID=Poaceae&GenusID=Elymus&SpeciesID=virginicus, http://www.ubcbotanicalgarden.org/potd/2005/09/hordeum_jubatum.php, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HECOC8, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ACOCC, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=NAPU4, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ACRO7, http://www.lycaeum.org/~sputnik/Plants/Images/Stipa.robusta.jpg, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AGHY, http://www.eeob.iastate.edu/research/iowagrasses/speciespages/AgrosHiema/AgrosHiema.html, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARPUL, http://www.agf.gov.bc.ca/range/RangeID/Plants/ArisLong.html, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARSCO, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AROL, http://www.eeob.iastate.edu/research/iowagrasses/speciespages/AristOliga/AristOliga.html, http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MUSC, http://plants.usda.gov/gallery/pubs/musc_002_php.jpg, http://plants.usda.gov/java/largeImage?imageID=mupa6_001_avd.tif, http://www.caf.wvu.edu/~forage/library/cangrass/content.htm. If left untreated this can be incredibly painful – in worst case scenarios the internal damage it may cause can even be fatal. “Usually, the initial wound heals uneventfully and owners are not even aware that anything has happened, but the awn is now trapped and can start to migrate throughout the body. Clinical signs with the hepatoxin variety are vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, weakness, shock, icterus (yellow gums), and potentially death within 24 hours to several days. http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Monocots&FamilyID=Poaceae&GenusID=Elymus&SpeciesID=canadensis The awn’s spikes and sharp edges serve a purpose—to stick and hold fast to surfaces so that they can spread their seeds to surrounding areas. The worst known hazards are shown in red. Powered by Feedburner - We do not send you spam, nor do we sell, rent or otherwise distribute your email. Grass awns can be inhaled, become lodged in the ears, swallowed, or even just imbedded in the coat or skin. And the lemma is covered with tiny hairs pointing away from the sharp basal point. Due to the potential for plant awns to travel through body tissues, there’s the likelihood that if the awn moves far enough it can enter into a body cavity and cause more severe clinical signs.”, Dr. Mahaney relates, “I’ve seen a case where a foxtail imbedded in the skin of the chest and wound its way through the intercostal muscles (between the ribs) and entered the chest cavity, causing severe inflammation, infection, pleural effusion (fluid accumulation between the lungs and the chest wall), lung collapse, and other severe secondary problems. Feeding Kittens 101: What to Feed, How Much, and How Often. In reality, there are over 10,000 species of mold , many of which look quite similar. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ELVI3 The basal extension of the lemma (sheath or bract) around the grass floret comes to a very sharp point as the floret matures and dries out at the end of clip_image002the plants’ growing season. Dogs are especially at risk if they have longer coats with a thick undercoat although any animal can be at risk. The problem with grass awns is that they are difficult to be located. Actinomyces endophthalmitis and pneumonia in a dog, Foxtail (Cadmus – Retriever Field Trial News, June 2004), Microbiology text chapter, actinomyces and nocardia, Tick borne disease (differential diagnosis), Valley Fever information (differential diagnosis). ; Uses – Uses vary depending on the species and include as a culinary and medicinal herb. Copy & paste the code below into your website to show your support! 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